论文翻译要知道什么?

作者:管理员发布时间:2021-06-22 17:38:52浏览次数:106

  论文翻译是现在非常常见的翻译领域,会涉及到各个专业领域,下面上海臻云翻译公司金牛网论坛155755开奖记录-金牛网心155755-678333金牛网论坛-42923acom金牛版为大家分享论文翻译要知道什么?

  Paper translation is now a very common field of translation and will involve various areas of expertise, below what is to know for everyone sharing the translation of papers?

 一、了解论文整体结构

  1、 Understanding the overall structure of the paper

  论文翻译先要把握整篇论文的逻辑关系,明确文章中的时间先后次序以及内容相互之间的影响与联系,这就需要译者把握好论文翻译中时态的应用。英文科技论文摘要常选用一般现在时、一般过去时和现在完成时,不同的时态表达的意义不同。

  Paper translation first of all has to grasp the logical relationship of the whole paper, make clear the temporal order in the article and the influence and connection between the contents of each other, and this requires the translator to grasp the application of tense in the translation of the paper.Abstracts written in English language scientific and technical papers are often selected to be generally present-time, generally past-time and now complete, when different tense expressions have different meanings.

金牛网论坛155755开奖记录-金牛网心155755-678333金牛网论坛-42923acom金牛版   一般,现在时用来叙述研究的目标、内容、方法以及研究结果等,表示现在存在的状态、客观事实或普遍真理;一般过去时,用来说明过去尤其是论文撰写之前某一时间的发现、研究过程或最终试验结果,即表示过去某一时间内发生的动作或存在的状态;现在完成时,用来介绍已经完成的研究和试验以及对现在的影响,即将过去时间发生的事情与现在的情况联系起来,强调过去对现在的影响和作用。

  In general, are now used to recount the goals, contents, methods, and findings of a study, such as the present state, objective facts, or universal truth;Elapsed time in general, is used to illustrate past findings, research processes, or final trial results, particularly those occurring at some time before the writing of the paper, i.e., to denote a state of motion or presence that has occurred in the past;Now completed, serves to present the research and trials that have been completed and the impact on the present, that is, to relate what has happened in the past time to the present situation, emphasizing the impact and role of the past on the present.

金牛网论坛155755开奖记录-金牛网心155755-678333金牛网论坛-42923acom金牛版   不难看出,清晰的时间逻辑可以使译文更加通顺,更有助于读者理解作者的写作思路和所表达的中心思想。

金牛网论坛155755开奖记录-金牛网心155755-678333金牛网论坛-42923acom金牛版   It is not hard to see that a clear temporal logic can make the translations more smooth and more helpful for readers to understand the authors' writing ideas and the central ideas expressed.

  二、注意中英思维习惯的转化

  2、 Note the transformation of Chinese and British thinking habits

金牛网论坛155755开奖记录-金牛网心155755-678333金牛网论坛-42923acom金牛版   中国人和外国人有着不同的思维习惯,外国人更喜欢言简意赅的表达。所以,在翻译过程中,无需字字对应,译员可以在准确表达原文意思的基础上对个别非实质性的词省略或改动,也可以对语法语态进行灵活调整,如将复杂冗长的长句拆分为两个短句或将若干的中文短句,合并成一个英文长句子等。

  Chinese and foreigners have different habits of thinking, and foreigners prefer to talk and express more concisely.So, without word correspondence during translation, interpreters can omit or change individual nonsubstantial words on the basis of the accurate expression of the original meaning, as well as make flexible adjustments to grammatical language, such as splitting a complex and lengthy long sentence into two short sentences or combining several short sentences in Chinese into one long sentence in English, etc.

  三、注意用词的专业性

  3、 Note the professionalism of words

  对于科技论文翻译来说,论文中往往会讲述作者的科研发现、论证和成果,涉及到某一专业领域的专业词汇。所以,在翻译过程中,要了解该领域所涉及的专业背景知识,必要时在专业词典中查阅专业词汇,保证论文翻译质量和专业度。除此之外,翻译人员还应注意语句之间的衔接,如连词和承上启下语句的通顺翻译,使行文不仅专业,而且流畅。

  For the translation of scientific and technological papers, it is often written in the paper to tell the authors about their scientific findings, arguments and results, and it involves a professional vocabulary in a certain professional field.So, during the translation process, to understand the professional background involved in the field, it is necessary to consult the professional lexicon in the professional lexicon, guaranteeing the quality and professionalism of paper translation.In addition to this, the translator should also pay attention to the articulation between statements, such as the smooth translation of conjunctions and promoter statements, so that the line is not only professional but also fluent.

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